The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 was the first comprehensive federal law to address trafficking in persons. The law provides a three-pronged approach that includes prevention, protection, and prosecution. The TVPA was reauthorized through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Acts (TVPRA) of 2003, 2005, 2008, and 2013. Under U.S. federal law, “severe forms of trafficking in persons” includes both sex trafficking and labor trafficking:
- Sex trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purposes of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age, (22 USC § 7102; 8 CFR § 214.11(a)).
- Labor trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery, (22 USC § 7102).
22 U.S. CODE § 7101 – PURPOSES AND FINDINGS
The purposes of this chapter are to combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensure just and effective punishment of traffickers, and to protect their victims.
Texas Penal Code – Section 20A.02. Trafficking Of Persons
§ 20A.02. TRAFFICKING OF PERSONS.(a) A person commits an offense if the person knowingly traffics another person with the intent that the trafficked person engage in:
(1) forced labor or services; or(2) conduct that constitutes an offense under Chapter 43.
(b) Except as otherwise provided by this subsection, an offense under this section is a felony of the second degree. An offense under this section is a felony of the first degree if:
(1) the offense is committed under Subsection (a)(2)(2) the commission of the offense results in the death
and the person who is trafficked is younger than 14 years of age at
the time of the offense; or
of the person who is trafficked.
(c) If conduct constituting an offense under this section also constitutes an offense under another section of this code, the actor may be prosecuted under either section or under both sections.(source http://law.onecle.com/texas/penal/20A.02.00.html)This website is funded in whole or in part through a grant from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs and the U.S. Department of Justice. Neither the U.S. Department of Justice nor any of its components operate, control, are responsible for or necessarily endorse this website (including, without limitation, its content, technical infrastructure, and policies or any services or tools provided.)