Pillar 2: Policy and Oversight
Pillar Two emphasizes that if police are to carry out their responsibilities according to established policies, these policies must reflect community values. Law enforcement agencies should collaborate with community members, specifically in areas disproportionally impacted by crime, to develop policies and strategies for deploying resources that aim to reduce crime, foster cooperation, increase community engagement and build relationships.What is Arlington doing?
Taskforce Action Items and Recommendations:
Action Item 1: The federal government should incentivize this collaboration through a variety of programs that focus on public health, education, mental health and other programs not traditionally part of the criminal justice systemAPD Assessment: This is an action item for the DOJ. Action Item 2: Law enforcement agency policies for training on use of force should emphasize de-escalation and alternatives to arrest or summons in situations where appropriate.APD Assessment:Action Item 3: Policies should also mandate external and independent criminal investigations in cases of police use of force resulting in death, officer-involved shootings resulting in injury or death, or in-custody deaths.APD Assessment:Action Item 4: The tax force encourages policies that mandate the use of external and independent prosecutors in cases of police use of force resulting in death, officer-involved shootings resulting in injury or death, or in-custody deaths.APD Assessment:Action Item 5: Policies on use of force should also require agencies to collect, maintain and report data to the federal government on all officer-involved shootings, whether fatal or nonfatal, as well as any in-custody death.APD Assessment:Action Item 6: Policies on use of force should clearly state what types of information will be released, when and in what situation, to maintain transparency.APD Assessment:Action Item 7: Law enforcement agencies should establish a Serious Incident Review Board comprising of sworn staff and community members to review cases involving officer-involved shootings and other serious incidents that have the potential to damage community trust or confidence in the agency. The purpose of this board should be to identify any administrative, supervisory, training, tactical or policy issues that need to be address.APD Assessment:Action Item 8: The Bureau of Justice Statistics should add additional demographic questions to the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics survey in order to meet the intent of this recommendation.APD Assessment:Action Item 9: The Federal Government could further incentivize universities and other organizations to partner with police departments to collect data and develop knowledge about analysis and benchmarks as well as to develop tools and templates that help departments manage data collection and analysis.APD Assessment:Action Item 10: Law enforcement agency policies should address procedures for implementing a layered response to mass demonstrations that prioritize de-escalation and a guardian mindset.APD Assessment:Action Item 11: The federal government should create a mechanism for investigating complaints and issuing sanctions regarding the inappropriate use of equipment and tactics during mass demonstrations.APD Assessment: This is an action item for the Federal Government.Action Item 12: The U.S. Department of Justice, through its research arm, the National Institute of Justice, should expand its research agenda to include civilian oversight.Action Item 13: The U.S. Department of Justice COPS Office should provide technical assistance and collect best practices from existing civilian oversight efforts and be prepared to help cities create this structure, potentially with some matching grants and funding.Recommendation: Law enforcement agencies should adopt policies requiring officers to identify themselves by their full name, rank and command and provide that information in writing to individuals they have stopped. In addition, policies should require officers to state the reason for the stop and the reason for the search if one is conducted.Action Item 14: One example of how to do this is for law enforcement officers to carry business cards containing their name, rank, command and contact information that would enable individuals to offer suggestions and commendations or to file complains with the appropriate individual, office or board. These cards would be easily distributed in all encounters.Recommendation: Law enforcement agencies should establish search and seizure procedures related to LGBTQ and transgender populations and adopt as policy the recommendation from the President’s Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS to cease using the possession of condoms as the sole evidence of vice.Action Item 15: The Bureau of Justice Statistics should add questions concerning sexual harassment of and misconduct toward community members, and in particular LGBTQ and gender-non conforming people, by law enforcement officers to the Police Public Contact Survey.Action Item 15: The Centers for Disease Control should add questions concerning sexual harassment of and misconduct toward community members, and in particular LGBTQ and gender nonconforming people, by law enforcement officers to the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey.Action Item 16: The U.S. Department of Justice should promote and disseminate guidance to federal state, and local law enforcement agencies on documenting, preventing and addressing sexual harassment and misconduct by local law enforcement agencies, consistent with the recommendation of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.Action Item 16: The U.S. Department of Justice, through the COPS Office, should provide technical assistance and incentive funding to jurisdictions with small police agencies that take steps toward shared services, regional training and consolidation.